Software is a compilation of logical instructions given to computer components to make it function in a manner it was intended. The programs and other operating information used by a computer. Software is the one that groups together and holds the instructions that a computer needs to work. It is a collection of programs, data, libraries, and procedures which direct a computer on what to do and how to do it. The computer software works as an interface between the hardware and the user and enables users to perform specific tasks. It also directs the peripheral devices to perform functions they are designed for. Without software, a computer system is nothing but a fancy box with a screen.
Four Types of Software
Programming software helps in the development of other software. An example of programming software is a compiler. Usually, the high-level programming language is used to write software, which a compiler turns into machine language, making it understandable by the computer processor. Some other commonly used programming software are interpreter, debugger, linker, and assembler.
The application software requires a system software for functioning. One of the majorly known examples of system software is the operating system. Having an operating system is necessary for a computer to run other programs. Some other commonly used system software is device driver, disk formatting, text editor, etc.
Application software is designed for end-users to perform specific tasks. An example of application software is office suites. An office suite allows users to write and save documents, create excel sheets, etc. Application software can consist of a single program or a collection of small programs designed for specific purposes. Some commonly used application software are educational software, gaming applications, database system, etc.
Malicious Software (Malware)
Malicious Software (Malware) is usually intentionally created to harm a network or computer system. An example of malicious software is a virus. A virus attacks a computer or network and infects its programs, disturbing their actual functionality. Some commonly known malicious software are worms, spyware, rootkits, adware, etc.
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